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APA Basics: Quick Guide

Book

Structure:

Last, F. M. (Year Published). Book. City, State: Publisher.


Example:

Carley, M. J. (1999). 1939: The alliance that never was and the coming of World War II. Chicago, IL: Ivan R. Dee.

Chapter/Anthology

Structure:

Last, F. M. (Year Published). Section title. In F. M. Last (Ed.), Book/Anthology (Edition, Page(s)). City, State: Publisher.


Example:

Melville, H. (1989). Hawthorne and his mosses. In N. Baym (Ed.), The Norton anthology of American literature (3rd ed., pp. 12-34). New York, NY: W.W. Norton & Company.

Magazine

Structure:

Last, F. M. (Year, Month Date Published). Article title. Magazine Title, Page(s).


Example:

Pressman, A. (2008, September 29). Bottom fishing in rough waters. BusinessWeek, 27.

Newspaper

Structure:

Last, F. M. (Year, Month Date Published). Article title. Newspaper Title, Pages(s).


Example:

Campoy, A. (2008, September 23). Gasoline surges in southeast after Ike. The Wall Street Journal, p. A14.

Journal

Structure:

Last, F. M., & Last, F. M. (Year Published). Article title. Journal Title, Volume(Issue), Page(s). doi:number


Example:

Wallace, R. (1997). Monitor: Molecules and profiles. Drug Discovery Today, 2(10), 445-448. doi: 10.1016/S1359-6446(97)01095-7

Website

Structure:

Last, F. M. (Year, Month Date Published). Article title. Website Title. Retrieved Month Date, Year, from URL


Example:

Friedland, L. (2008, September 22). Top 10 natural and wildlife adventure travel trips. About.com. Retrieved from http://adventuretravel.about.com


Note: Include exact URL when not properly indexed or easy to find. Otherwise, include homepage URL. Include retrieval date if source information may change over time.

Online Database

Structure:

Last, F. M. (Year Published). Article title. Journal Name, Volume (Issue), Page(s). Retrieved Month Date, Year, from URL.


Example:

Ahn, H., & Kim, K. (2008). Using genetic algorithms to optimize nearest neighbors for data mining. Annals of Operations Research, 263(1), 5-18. Retrieved from the Academic Search Premier database


*Note: Include retrieval date if source information may change over time. For URL, Use homepage URL of publisher. If none, use the homepage database URL. If published only online, use unique URL. APA6 explains database names are not necessary, so you may omit this.

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