You probably come across articles every day. Articles on websites, articles your teacher assigns to read, news pieces, etc.; they’re pretty much a part of our daily lives. When it comes to citing them, things can get a bit tricky. Not all APA format articles are cited the same way. You must first determine the type of article, and then find the structure that matches it. There is a different structure for newspaper stories, journal pieces, PDF documents, and more.
If creating an article APA citation seems confusing, fear not! We’ve included tons of examples and source types towards the bottom of this guide. Scroll down to the second half of this page to locate the source type you’re attempting to cite.
Itching for a quick fix to your citations? Try EasyBib.com’s reference generator. In just a few clicks, your APA citation articles can be added to your paper with ease. If your teacher requests a different style, we have many more styles to choose from.
If you need more information than what’s included in the examples at the bottom of the page, we have thorough explanations in the next section of this guide. Citing can be confusing and there are many rules to follow. So, sit back, keep reading, and let’s ride the APA article citation wave.
What is an Article?
An article is a nonfiction piece of writing. They’re generally created to inform the reader about something. They differ from nonfiction books in that they’re much shorter in length.
- Newspaper columns
- Magazine stories
- Journal pieces
- Written pieces on websites
The next section of this guide focuses on references. We’ll show you how to structure references on the Reference Page (sometimes referred to as the APA Works Cited page) and also in the text of your paper.
Before we continue, let’s be clear that this style is much different than MLA format. If your teacher requests your references in that style, check out our page on how to cite websites in MLA and our MLA works cited page. You may even find our MLA in-text & parenthetical citations page helpful.
As we shared in the introduction of this guide, each article type is structured differently. Even though there are variations among the sources, here’s the general APA citation article structure:
In the text:
Author’s Last name (Year)
Guccione (2019) shares that the dark web “is as messy and chaotic as you would expect.”
(Author’s Last Name, Year).
The dark web is “as messy and chaotic as you would expect. (Guccione, 2019).
APA citation for online article on the reference page of the research paper:
Author’s Last name, F. M. (Date) Title of the article. Retrieved from www.websiteaddress.com
Some Things to Keep in Mind
Before we head right into a bunch of examples, here are some things to keep in mind when it comes to each section of the references.
Authors are written as follows on the reference page:
- One author = Last Name, F. M.
- Two authors = Last Name, F. M., & Last Name, F. M.
- Three to Seven authors = Last Name, F. M., Last Name, F. M., & Last Name, F. M.
- Eight or more authors = Only include the first six authors, three ellipses, and the final author’s name.
If it does not have an author listed, place the title in the author’s position.
If it is written by a group or organization, write it out in full in the author’s position.
The above information shows how authors are structured in ALL source types, even in an APA books citation.
Some sources only show (Year), others show (Year, Month or Season), and some are the full date, displayed as (Year, Month Day). Look at the APA citation article examples on the bottom section of this guide to determine how to style dates.
Titles for APA citation articles are written with a capital letter in three places only:
- The first letter in the title
- The first letter in the subtitle
- The first letter of any proper nouns
New members block vote for Congress: No change in legislation.
Titles of sources (Names of newspapers, journals, and magazines) are written with a capital letter at the beginning of all important words on a reference page and also in an annotated bibliography, and are usually italicized.
The Philadelphia Inquirer
Some APA citation articles include extra information about the medium. Scroll down to the APA PDF citation section at the very bottom to see how extra information is styled.
Pages are included in full references, when they are available.
- Most websites do not have page numbers, so you do not include them in the reference.
- Journals often have page numbers. Show the page number or page range. Do not include p. or pp. before the page numbers. Example: 44-56
- For newspaper stories, include a page number and the section. Example: B2-B3. If the newspaper story is continued on a different page, add a comma between the pages. Example: B2, B14.
Website Addresses and DOIs:
- If the source is on a website, type out ‘Retrieved from’ and insert the full website address directly after. An APA citation of online article does not end with a period. Look at the APA citation for website article example below to see how the address is styled.
- If the source has a DOI number, use it instead of the website address. DOI numbers are created by publishers and are permanently linked to a source. A journal article APA citation often includes a DOI number. Look at the examples below to see how DOIs are styled.
Quick reminder to try out the automatic generator on EasyBib.com and scan through the grammar pages while you’re at it. Brush up on your pronoun, adjective, and interjection skills and easily generate your APA article citation! If it sounds like a win-win, it is! Try it out!
How to Cite Various Types of Articles
How to Cite a Website in APA
APA citation website article structure:
Last, F. M. (Year, Month Date Published). Article title. Retrieved from URL
APA citation web article example:
Medcalf, C. (2019, July 10). Remember that time Deadmau5 livestreamed himself painstakingly recreating the Stranger Things theme? Retrieved from https://musicfeeds.com.au/news/remember-that-time-deadmau5-livestreamed-himself-painstakingly-recreating-the-stranger-things-theme/
Need more information on web APA citation articles? Take a peek at our full APA website citation guide.
If you used a print journal, reference the piece as follows:
Author’s Last Name, F. M., Author’s Last Name, F. M., & Author’s Last Name, F. M. (Year). Title of the journal piece. Title of Journal, volume number(issue number – only include the volume AND issue number if there is a clearly labeled volume AND issue number. If not, only include the issue number), page range.
APA citation of a journal article in print example:
Jeffers, O., & Roberts, A. D. (2019). Most common injuries in adult men’s softball. Sports and Rehabilitation Journal, 4, 12.
If you used a journal piece found online, and there is a DOI number for it, style the APA citation for journal article as follows:
Author’s Last Name, F. M., Author’s Last Name, F. M., & Author’s Last Name, F. M. (Year). Title of the journal piece, Title of Journal, volume number(issue number – only include the volume AND issue number if there is a clearly labeled volume AND issue number. If not, only include the issue number), page range. http://dx.doi.org/DOInumber
Copy the full DOI number in the final part of your APA citation of journal article.
Journal APA citation scholarly article example:
Galea, S., & Vaughn, R. D. (2019). When population health science intersects with pressing cultural issues: A public health of consequence. American Journal of Public Health, 109(3), 358-359. http://dx.doi.org/10.2105/AJPH.2018.304932
If you used a journal piece found online, but there is not a DOI number for it, style your APA citation journal article as follows:
Author’s Last Name, F. M., Author’s Last Name, F. M., & Author’s Last Name, F. M. (Year). Title of the journal piece. Title of Journal, volume number(issue number – only include the volume AND issue number if there is a clearly labeled volume AND issue number. If not, only include the issue number), page range. Retrieved from website address
APA citation format journal article example, without DOI:
Desai, M. J., Jonely, H., Blackburn, M., Wanasinghage, S., Sheikh, S., & Taylor, R. S. (2019). The back pain and movement (B-PAM) registry: A study protocol. BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders, 20, 24-36. Retrieved from http://link.galegroup.com.i.ezproxy.nypl.org/apps/doc/A586921539/HRCA?u=nypl&sid=HRCA&xid=0a8c839e
If you used a newspaper story found in a print issue, structure it as follows:
Author’s Last Name, F. M. (Year, Month Day). Title of the newspaper story. Title of Newspaper, p. or pp.
APA citation newspaper article example:
Fry, H. (2019, June 27). Wildfires, rains add to beach pollution. Los Angeles Times, pp. A1, A12.
- Notice that the section AND page numbers are included in a newspaper reference.
- When the story continues on multiple pages, separate the sections/pages with a comma, as shown in the above example.
- If the newspaper story is on one page, include one p. before the page number.
If you used a newspaper story found online, structure it as follows:
Author’s Last Name, F. M. (Year, Month Day). Title of newspaper story. Title of Newspaper. Retrieved from www.websiteaddress.com
Example of an APA citation newspaper article online:
Ormseth, M. (2019, June 27). Bookeeper, former USC coach plead guilty in admissions scandal, promise to help investigators. The Los Angeles Times. Retrieved from https://www.latimes.com/local/lanow/la-me-college-admissions-scandal-masera-khosroshahin-plea-20190627-story.html
If you’re feeling confident that your APA citation articles are structured properly, then you may want to draw your attention to your writing and grammar. Check out our various grammar pages on EasyBib.com. We have full guides on how to structure every conjunction, verb, and noun in your paper!
If you used a magazine story found in a print issue, structure it as follows:
Author’s Last Name, F. M. (Year, Month). Title of the magazine story. Title of Magazine, Issue number, page range.
APA citation online article for a magazine example:
Nelson, X. (2019, August). Teaching moments: How developers build the tutorials you skip. PC Gamer, 320, 16-17.
If you used a magazine story found online, structure it as follows:
Author’s Last Name, F. M. (Year, Month Day). Title of the magazine story. Title of Magazine, Issue number, page range. Retrieved from website address OR http://dx.doi.org/DOI number
Some things to keep in mind when it comes to magazines:
- Most magazine issues begin on page 1. If the magazine you’re using does not start on page 1, then it’s part of a volume. In the middle of the reference, structure the reference as Title of Magazine, volume number(issue number).
- If the story has a DOI number, place it in the reference instead of the web address
Christensen, B. K. (2019, July 1). Highly trained cells spot brain cancer. Science Illustrated, 68, 46-51. Retrieved from https://www-pressreader-com.i.ezproxy.nypl.org/australia/science-illustrated/20190701
If you’re citing a blog post, here’s your APA article citation structure:
Last, F. M. (Year Month Date Published). Article title [Blog post]. Retrieved from URL.
Blog example – APA Citation for Article:
Hin, K. (2016, March 13). Transport on the French Riviera: A practical guide to getting around by train, bus and car [Blog post]. Retrieved from https://french-riviera-blog.com/2016/03/13/transport-on-the-french-riviera-a-practical-guide-to-getting-around-by-train-bus-and-car/
PDF stands for “portal document format.” It’s a document that opens up a separate window or tab, and usually has “pdf” shown somewhere in the website address or file name.
Creating a PDF APA citation depends on the type of PDF. Downloadable maps have a certain structure, as do PDF brochures, fact sheets and more.
Here’s how you would structure a PDF APA citation for a fact sheet:
Last Name, F. M. or Name of Organization. (Year). Title of the fact sheet [Fact sheet]. Retrieved from www.websiteaddress.com
PDF APA citation example:
American Public Health Association. (2016). Zubik v. Burwell and public health at a glance [Fact sheet]. Retrieved from https://www.apha.org/-/media/files/pdf/factsheets/zubik_fact_sheet.ashx?la=en&hash=957086293FE0F6E7A05E1CCA2222E9018D867B99
Looking at a brochure, policy brief, demographic map, or another type of PDF? Use the same APA PDF citation structure as above, but instead of [Fact sheet], use [Brochure], [Policy brief], [Demographic map], or another type of [Format] after the title.
Styling an APA PDF citation can be confusing, so if you’re looking for a quick fix, try out EasyBib.com’s PDF APA citation generator. Simply choose the type of PDF from the drop-down menu on our homepage and follow the directions to create your citations in a breeze!
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