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Personal interview

How to cite a personal interview in APA? 

The sources part of an APA reference list are only those that are traceable, and can be used by others. Because a personal interview does not constitute recoverable data, it should not be included in an APA reference list. Instead a personal interview should be referenced as a parenthetical citation. For example: (J. Smith, personal communication, May 17, 2008).

If you would like to include a personal interview as part of your APA reference list, then include the interviewee, the date of the interview, and the type of interview. See the fictional examples below:

Personal interview by phone 

Structure: Soriano, A. (2008, April 5). Telephone interview.

Personal interview by email 

Structure: Soriano, A. (2008, April 5). Email interview.

Personal interview in person 

Structure: Soriano, A. (2008, April 5). Personal interview.

Personal interview overheard and conducted by a third party

Structure: Soriano, A. (2008, April 5). Personal interview with K. Walter & J. Smith.

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